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Background: The clinical advantages of laparoscopic procedures result from a minimized surgical trauma. The present study was performed to investigate immunosupression following laparoscopic operations as compared with open surgery. Our analysis focused on the T cell secretion of cytokines that...
Background: Bacterial cholangitis is frequently associated with serious complications. Methods: The plasma disappearance rates and the biliary output of bile acids and bilirubin after percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) were examined in 29 patients with extrahepatic biliary...
Background: There have been no attempts to objectively compare resident teaching ability with resident knowledge level. Methods: Resident teaching ability, as rated by medical students and junior surgical residents, was compared with resident knowledge level, estimated by in-training examination...
Background: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and jejunostomy tube placement have long been considered the standard for supplying enteral nutrition when oral intake is not possible. Both have well-documented roles and limitations and are associated with a higher than generally appreciated...
Background: There have been no published data regarding the cost of training surgical residents in the operating room. Methods: At the University of Tennessee Medical Center-Knoxville, in addition to resident-performed teaching cases, some cases are performed without the assistance of residents...
Background: The study aims at evaluation of the efficacy of elective neck dissection as a staging and therapeutic procedure for N0 neck of early carcinoma of the oral tongue by whole organ serial sectioning. Methods: There were 50 stage I and II patients. The neck dissection specimens were whole...
Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of primary repair of colon injuries. Materials and methods: A literature review was made of 35 publications containing 5,400 colon injuries in retrospective and prospective studies. Results: There were 62 (2.4%) failures in 2,627 primary repairs...
Background: We previously identified serum creatinine values >2 mg/dL (176.8 μmol/L) and pathological chest radiographs due to the presence of pleural effusions or pulmonary densifications as two early prognostic factors of life-threatening acute pancreatitis (AP). The aim of the present study...
Background: This study examined the success and safety of cervical exploration in patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism compared with those with symptomatic disease. Methods: Records of patients undergoing cervical exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism from June 1990 to...
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