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Improved basic science data on the anatomy and bio-mechanics of the human posterior cruciate ligament have provided the orthopaedic surgeon with new information on which to base treatment decisions. Injuries to the posterior cruciate ligament are reported to comprise approximately 3% of all knee...
Osteonecrosis of the distal femur occurs more often in the medial femoral condyle than in the lateral femoral condyle, but the vascular supply to these regions has not previously been described. Twelve fresh adult cadaver legs were injected with india ink or latex via the femoral artery and then...
For 714 consecutive patients who underwent autogenous patellar tendon graft anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions we intraoperatively measured intercondylar notch width. We prospectively recorded height, weight, sex, and which patients subsequently tore their contralateral anterior cruciate...
A unique feature of soccer is the purposeful use of the head for controlling, passing, and shooting a soccer ball. Some concern has been expressed in the literature on the cumulative effects of heading on soccer players. Certain neurophysiologic and neuropsychologic changes have been reported in...
Valgus instability of the elbow joint is a clinical diagnosis. However, many authors describe valgus stress radiographs as an aid in making this diagnosis. We studied valgus stress radiographs of 20 men (40 elbows) and 20 women (40 elbows), none with a history of elbow trauma or instability. The...
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is an established therapy in several areas of clinical medicine. However, studies have produced conflicting results regarding its efficacy for sports-related soft tissue injuries. This study examines the use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy after an acute muscle stretch...
We examined the in situ forces in the posterior cruciate ligament as well as the force distribution between its anterolateral and posteromedial bundles. Using a robotic manipulator in conjunction with a universal force-moment sensor system, we applied posterior tibial loads from 22 to 110 N to...
This study was undertaken to determine the contribution of various structures in the posterior cruciate ligament-deficient knee in resisting posterior tibial translation. With “isolated” injuries to the posterior cruciate ligament, the amount of posterior translation will decrease with the...
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