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The family has increasingly been recognized as an important component in the development, maintenance, and treatment of alcoholism. Few empirical studies, however, have examined alcoholism within a family context. Questionnaire and interview data were collected from women whose husbands received...
This paper focuses on implementation problems in randomized trials of outpatient psychosocial treatments for drug abusers. The authors examined these problems in nine clinical trial studies and drew on published literature and their own research experiences. Common problems faced by principal...
The coexistence of psychiatric and substance abuse problems within the same patient occurs with significant frequency. These patients present serious challenges to a health care system which has traditionally treated mental health and substance abuse in separate venues, with differing and...
The aims of this study were to: (a) assess the effects of various patterns of exposure to methadone programs on heroin use; (b) assess the effects of other patient, program, and treatment variables; and (c) identify variables that promote the type of exposure to methadone programs that is most...
The present study examines the relationship between (a) social, cognitive, and behavioral skills; (b) self-reported intentions to use drugs and alcohol following treatment; and (c) later drug and alcohol use for a sample of 130 adolescents. Social, problem solving, self-control, and drug and...
Intravenous drug use, which has been recognized as the second most common risk behavior associated with AIDS, was studied among methadone outpatients who were enrolled in a methadone program at a hospital-based clinic in New York City. Intercorrelations among the following variables were...
Twenty-four long-term substance abusers were told that addiction is an attempt to adapt to an insufficiency in natural neurochemicals that contribute to a sense of well-being; this insufficiency is experienced as a craving for abuse substances which mimic the missing anxiolytic and euphorigenic...
The impact of length of stay in drug abuse treatment on follow-up drug use and criminal behavior has important clinical and policy implications. In this paper we use longitudinal data from the Treatment Outcome Prospective Study to estimate the simultaneous effects of time in treatment and...
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