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Background: Ethnic differences in serum lipids are not explained by genetics, central adiposity, lifestyle, or diet, possibly because dietary carbohydrate has not been considered. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the relation between carbohydrate intake and HDL and triacylglycerol...
Background: Outbreaks of pellagra were documented during the civil war in Angola, but no contemporary data on the incidence of pellagra or the prevalence of niacin deficiency were available. Objective: The objective was to investigate the incidence of pellagra and the prevalence of niacin...
Background: A common functional missense mutation Ala54Thr of the fatty acid–binding protein 2 gene ( FABP2 ) has previously been studied for associations with glucoregulation, postprandial lipemia, and lipid oxidation rates. However, most of those studies have not accounted for the interactive...
Background: Obesity is becoming a serious public health issue and is related to lung dysfunction. Because both weight and height are indicators of body size, body mass index (BMI) may not be an ideal index of obesity in prediction of pulmonary dysfunction. Objective: The objective of the study...
Background: Recent data show that atherosclerosis is initiated and perpetuated by inflammatory events. Activation of immune cells such as monocytes initiates inflammation, a key step in atherosclerosis. Objective: We hypothesize that a high–glycemic load meal activates inflammatory cells, and...
Background: Despite adiponectin's presumed role in fatty acid oxidation and energy homeostasis, little is known about the effect of gene variants on substrate oxidation, energy expenditure, and adiposity-related phenotypes. Objective: We examined the effects of genetic variation in adiponectin (...
Background: Little is known regarding changes in vitamin D status among children living in the southern United States and whether these changes are race-dependent. Objectives: The aims were to prospectively assess plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D 25(OH)D concentrations in prepubertal black and white...
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