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Background: A very-low-energy diet (VLED) can result in substantial, rapid weight loss and is increasingly prescribed before obesity surgery to minimize risk and difficulty by reducing liver size and abdominal adiposity. Despite its growing popularity, a VLED in this setting has received little...
Background: Obesity and increases in body weight in adults are considered to be among the most important risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Objective: The objective was to evaluate and compare the associations between weight changes during 2 different periods of adult life and the risk of type 2...
Background: Plant lignans are converted to enterolignans that have antioxidant and weak estrogen-like activities, and therefore they may lower cardiovascular disease and cancer risks. Objective: We investigated whether the intakes of 4 plant lignans (lariciresinol, pinoresinol,...
Background: The prevalence of dyslipidemia and obesity resulting from excess energy intake and physical inactivity is increasing. The liver plays a pivotal role in systemic lipid homeostasis. Effective, natural dietary interventions that lower plasma lipids and promote liver health are needed....
Background: It is unclear how the amount and intensity of physical activity (PA) are associated with cardiovascular fitness (CVF) and body fatness in children. Objective: We aimed to examine the associations of total PA and intensity levels to CVF and fatness in children. Design: A...
Background: A specific fatty acid (FA) composition in plasma lipid esters is related to the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and may influence the development of the MetS. Objective: The objective was to define and study FA factors as measures of dietary fat quality and endogenous FA metabolism in...
Background: Few data exist on the metabolic responses to mixed meals with different glycemic indexes and their effects on substrate metabolism during exercise in women. Objective: We examined the effects of preexercise mixed meals providing carbohydrates with high (HGI) or low glycemic index...
Background: Calcium intake in North America remains substantially below recommended amounts. Bottled waters high in calcium could help close that gap. Objectives: The objectives were to summarize and integrate published absorbability and biodynamic data concerning high-calcium mineral waters and...
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