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Different classifications have been proposed in the literature for the characterization of atherosclerotic plaque morphology, resulting in considerable confusion. For example plaques containing medium of high level uniform echoes were classified as homogeneous by others and correspond closely to...
A new horizon in imaging of atherosclerotic plaque is the use of contrast enhancing agents to investigate molecular and cellular markers. This chapter reviews the state of the art in contrast-enhanced imaging of atherosclerotic plaque. Topics include enhancement characteristics of different...
The increasing amount of medical images produced and stored daily in hospitals needs a datrabase management system that organizes them in a meaningful way, without the necessity of time-consuming textual annotations for each image. One of the basic ways to organize medical images in taxonomies...
This chapter reviews current MRI techniques to differentiate stable versus high risk atherosclerosis and discusses the development of non-invasive MR imaging techniques to characterize atherosclerotic plaques. Tissue specific MR signal features will be described according to histo-pathological...
One of the principal therapies considered for the control of in-stent restenosis is the use of drug loaded polymer-coated stents for local delivery. We present two-dimensional and three-dimensional numerical models to study local delivery of drug eluting stents. The impact of various stent and...
Intravascular ultrasound images represent a unique tool to guide interventional coronary procedures, this technique allows to supervise the cross-sectional locations of the vessel morphology and to provide quantitative and qualitative information about the causes and severity of coronary...
The material composition and morphology of the atherosclerotic plaque components are considered to be more important determinants of acute coronary ischemic syndromes than the degree of stenosis. When a vulnerable plaque ruptures it causes an acute thrombotic reaction. Rupture prone plaques...
X-ray computed tomography (CT) is widely available in the world and has the ability to provide high definition, thin section imaging of any body part. In particular, CT over the past decade has been shown in numerous publications to allow for quantitation of coronary calcification, a proven...
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