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Changes in neuronal excitability due to increase in excitatory transmitters and/or removal of local inhibition underlie central neuron sensitization and altered responsiveness related to painful sensory disorders. To distinguish the contribution of each of the two mechanisms, they have been...
The present study examined the prevalence of motion aftereffects (MAEs) in the sense of touch. The effects of two types of apparatuses were tested: a ridged, spinning cylinder and an array of vibrating tactors from the Optacon, a reading aid for the blind. In the first phase of the study, 50...
The present study was an attempt to identify the location of genioglossal respiratory and swallowing motoneuron cell bodies within the hypoglossal (XII) nucleus using both electrophysiological and morphological studies. The genioglossus muscle is innervated by the genioglossal branch of the...
Anatomical studies indicate that a relatively large percentage of spinohypothalamic tract (SHT) neurons are located within thoracic spinal segments. The aim of this study was to characterize the responses of SHT neurons in these segments of rats to innocuous and noxious stimulation of the skin...
Reference data on cold and warmth perception at three different body areas are provided based on 24 young (20-30 years) and 24 elderly (55-65 years) healthy women and men. Perception thresholds (method of limits), perceived intensity (free-number magnitude estimation), and perceived quality...
To elucidate the organization of the ferret spinocervicothalamic pathway (SCTP), we examined the lateral cervical nucleus (LCN) and the termination of the cervicothalamic tract (CTT) in this species. In thionin-stained sections, the ferret LCN appeared as an easily delineated column of cells in...
Grip force adjustments to changes of object loading induced by external changes of the direction of gravity during discrete arm movements with a grasped object were analyzed during normal and anesthetized finger sensibility. Two subjects were seated upright in a rotatable chair and rotated...
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