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This paper examines some of the ways in which scientific evidence influenced the development of the policy for the payment of general practitioners for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention in the UK, in particular the introduction of ‘health checks’. The specific policy events which are...
How important is research in shaping policy when a new life-saving medical technology becomes available, but happens to be very expensive? Taking the case of kidney dialysis, this paper argues that the emerging discipline of health economics had little influence relative to national differences...
The origins of US international health endeavors are intertwined with the Progressive Era’s faith in science as arbiter of humankind’s secular problems. No agency better exemplifies the period’s confidence in science than the Rockefeller Foundation’s International Health Board (IHB),...
The cochlear implant, an electronic device by means of which some totally deaf people can be provided with a form of hearing, has been increasingly used since the early 1980s. The mass media have typically presented it as an example of the remarkable success of modern technological medicine. In...
Today it is estimated that over 100 million women worldwide have taken the oral contraceptive pill since 1956, when the first clinical trials were undertaken. Since its introduction on to the American market in 1960 and the British one in 1961, the pill has become one of the most popular...
The history of genetics has concentrated on eugenics in the first half of the 20th century and molecular genetics in the second. There is yet little historical analysis of the emergence of genetics as a medical specialism, even for the USA. This paper explores the creation of a regional genetic...
The drug taxol has been hailed by many in the cancer community as a major breakthrough in the treatment of cancer. It has already been approved in use against ovarian and advanced breast cancer in many countries world-wide. Taxol has also promoted profound debates in the policy arena not, as one...
This article examines the role of definitional struggles in the science–policy interface using the example of the cattle disease bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or mad cow disease in the UK. A central contention is that an explicit focus on definition illuminates the processes by which...
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