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The natural environment—climate, topography, water and the like—influences and shapes rural development and peasant life. At the same time, social and economic development acts on and changes the local natural environment. The development of an agrarian economy is the result of the interactions...
In his book, Counter-behaviors of Chinese Peasants, 1950 – 1980 , historian Gao Wangling defines “counter-behaviors” ( fanxingwei ) as the everyday actions of shirking and non-compliance by peasants under the disguise of being weak and subservient. This article, as a critique of Gao’s work,...
The rise in China of a middle peasant economy, which differs from the pattern of development of capitalistic agriculture emphasized by mainstream theory, holds out the prospect of the development of small-scale agriculture in China. In some villages where foodgrain crops are the main products,...
The so-called alienation of the time-honored “letters and visits” ( xinfang ) system is best seen in the case of land requisition and resident relocation in Shanxiang of Wuhan municipality, in which the appeal process of letter-writing and government office visit itself underwent a transition...
Based on the civil judicial archives of Changli county, Hebei, from 1949 to 1976, the judicial archives of the town of Li (Lizhen), Changli county, from 1992 to 2014, and seven re-investigations of Houjiaying village, which had been surveyed by Japanese Mantetsu researchers in the 1930s and...
Despite their recurrent disjunction with the real world of rural dwellers in their everyday life due to state authorities’ oversimplified approach to the governance of society, most of the macro development plans imposed from above came to fruition in the end and had a profound impact on social...
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