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Until recently, there have been no attempts to measure the influence of the income tax system on fringe benefits. A model is specified that links the tax system to fringe benefits. In addition, other determinants of the demand for and supply of fringe benefits are discussed. Using a time-series...
Why do we distribute income to the poor through government programs? Spokespersons for the median voter/interdependent preferences and interest group approaches to public policy determination present simple competing models. Their listener observes that the two models, based on quite different...
Salaries in public education are the largest single expenditure of state and local governments. In the absence of absolute standards for evaluating policy, both politicians and interest groups are likely to turn to relative performance measures. These judgments often involve comparisons of...
In this article I specify a simultaneous equations model of the demand for and production of educational outputs, estimate the model for 46 Los Angeles County school districts, and use the model to simulate the effects of a county-wide property tax base sharing policy. The price elasticity...
This article puts forth a joint-supply model of charity, in which the purchase of a private good yields excess revenues used to finance a public charitable output. Joint supply is an especially effective fund-raising technique when the private and public goods are Hicksian complements....
Recent legislation has reduced federal tax rates and provided for indexation of the personal income tax against inflation. These changes are in part designed to reduce the relative size of government in the U.S. economy. Testing assump tions behind this proposition, this article examines the...
Previous research of the income averaging provision has suggested that individ-uals outside the targeted population are eligible for averaging and that the provision has introduced new sources of inequity. This study investigates the tax savings to the unintended population over the last several...
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