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Ethanol's ability to increase impulsivity in the 5-CSRTT is mediated by both common and different neurotransmitter systems in the two strains of mice and is dependent on the task's parameters. Furthermore, ethanol did not decrease response accuracy, suggesting that attentional mechanisms are...
The present findings indicate that corticosterone and epinephrine cooperate to facilitate behavioral responsiveness to cocaine. These data emphasize that in addition to the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, the sympathetic nervous system plays a critical role in psychostimulant sensitivity.
The posterior VTA is another brain region involved in the locomotor activation after the intracerebroventricular administration of ethanol or acetaldehyde. Our data indicate that opioid receptors, particularly the µ-opioid receptors, could be the target of the actions of these compounds in the...
The results suggest that CRP contributes to memory loss and early phase of pathogenesis of AD. CRP can be a novel target for therapeutic intervention of AD.
Decreased sensitivity to benzodiazepines and not to a barbiturate or a neuroactive steroid during chronic flunitrazepam treatment indicates that tolerance and cross tolerance developed only to benzodiazepines. Despite similar acute behavioral effects among positive GABA A modulators, the...
Neuronal nAChRs are involved in ethanol consumption in the DID paradigm. The effects of mecamylamine, nicotine, and cytisine on ethanol intake appear to be specific because they do not reduce sucrose drinking. Mecamylamine reduces alcohol consumption by blocking activation of dopaminergic...
The improvement of impaired attentional and information-processing functions under depression-like conditions suggests a benefit of modafinil in treatment of cognitive residual symptoms in affective disorders.
DMT produces discriminative stimulus effects most similar to those of DOM, with some similarity to the discriminative stimulus effects of LSD and MDMA. Like DOM and LSD, DMT seems to produce predominately hallucinogenic-like discriminative stimulus effects and minimal psychostimulant effects, in...
These findings suggest that the time of dosing, when held constant in both the monkey and rat studies, produced nearly identical effects despite the subjects' diurnal or nocturnal preference. Importantly, these changes in rhythm occurred in the presence of light, revealing the drug as a powerful...
BMY-14802 exerts its AIM-suppressing effects via a 5-HT1A agonist mechanism, similar to buspirone. Other 5-HT1A agonists have failed clinical trials, possibly due to submicromolar affinity at other receptors, including D2, which may exacerbate PD symptoms. BMY-14802 is a promising candidate for...
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