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The heuristic framework outlined above may help explain why dopamine-compromising manipulations that strongly diminish instrumental goal-seeking behaviors leave consummatory activity relatively unaffected.
Our data provide evidence for the involvement of dopamine D 1 and D 2 receptors in the Acb core and shell in inhibitory response control and attentional performance.
These data indicate that stress-induced activation of subcortical DA transmission is modulated by the NE input to PFC acting at alpha 1 receptors. They suggest that, under normal circumstances, this system exerts a facilitatory or enabling influence on the NAcc DA stress response.
These results suggest that coincident activation of corticostriatal glutamatergic and mesostriatal DA transmission may set ensembles of MSN into prolonged depolarizations through a D 1 enhancement of striatal NMDA function in a Ca ++ and PKA-dependent manner.
D1, but not D2/D3, agonists mediate rewarding effects and reinstatement of cocaine place preference, but the reinstating effects differ markedly from self-administration paradigms.
These results suggest that circulating EGF in the early development substantially influences D 2 receptor-dependent regulation of sensorimotor gating.
Our study indicates that stimulation of the MFB evokes an endocannabinoid-mediated short-term modulation of DA neuron activity. Thus, endocannabinoids might play an important role in the mechanisms underlying the rewarding properties of MFB stimulation.
Phasic bursting of midbrain DA neurons may provide temporally precise information about the mismatch between expected and actual rewards (prediction errors) that has been hypothesized to serve as a learning signal in efferent regions. However, because DA acts as a relatively slow modulator of...
The results show that drug CSs stimulate DA release in the shell and medial PFCX and specifically potentiate the primary stimulant drug effects on DA transmission.
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