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The author finds the Gestalt and S-R theories of stimulus equivalence both inadequate with regard to giving a step-by-step account of the successive coordinations and differentiations, both sensory-sensory and sensory-motor, which are involved. The proposition is then put forward that a more...
The broad purpose of the article is to arouse interest among psychologists in studies of economic behavior. The specific goal of the paper is to make a thorough examination of the economic principle of rationality. For this purpose, the most common forms of methodologies in both psychology and...
A zoologist, a psychologist, and a sociologist pool their resources in evaluating the concept of instinct in the light of contemporary thinking and research. Generally, the zoologist and psychologist discuss the issue with reference to the simpler sub-human organisms, while the sociologist...
After a short critical presentation of both the Tolmanian and Hullian treatments of the latent learning phenomenon, the author expands his previous physiological postulates concerning the learning process in such a manner as to bring latent learning within its framework. The new assumption reads...
The author presents a critical review of the arguments in a recent article by Howie (see ^W27:^n 4809) on the perceptual defense concept. A review of the origin and status of the concept is presented first. This is followed by a breakdown of Howie's arguments into those dealing with operational,...
The Pavlovian assumption that, " . . . all stimuli falling on the receptor field produce some tendency for a response to appear, . . . " is examined in the light of both mathematical and experimental evidence and found wanting. Instead, it is assumed that only certain aspects of the total...
A speculative, hypothetico-neurological theory of thinking is presented. The stream of thought is seen as based upon successive neural discharge patterns termed moments. A series of postulated interactions within a moment sequence is examined with regard to the problems of similarity, voluntary...
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