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Operational definition is only the first step in theory construction and must be followed by implicit definition which is the process of so stating the laws and assumptions that testable consequences may be deduced and experimentally verified. In the field of motivation theory, Hull and Lewin...
Thorndike argued, on the basis of the results of 3000 attempts to draw a 4 inch line with eyes closed, that repetition alone does not change performance. A re-examination of his data shows that the variability of the successive attempts actually decreased and stabilized around 5 inches as a...
The issue raised by B. F. Skinner's assertion that "no fact of the nervous system has as yet told anyone anything new about behavior" concerns the merits of a psychology of external behavior versus one of internal behavior. The behavioristic bias, that the former is more easily observed, is...
4 principal methods of designating the order of combination tones are (1) the original system of Hällström, (2) the Krueger modification, (3) Stumpf's method, and (4) a system implicit in Helmholtz's distortion theory. The combination tones observed by Hällström were all difference tones. His...
The concept of personality trait, little known before 1900, had its historical antecedents whose original meanings have changed, like soul and faculty. The same questions were fundamental, (1) their mutability, (2) their specificity versus generality, (3) their elemental versus complex quality,...
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