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Author answers Kuo's criticisms of purpose (see III: 528) as an objective phenomenon by: (1) redefining purpose and showing that as an inferred concept it is no different from many of the concepts used in the natural sciences; (2) showing that if the doctrine of purpose does not have an exact...
(See III: 528.) That chemistry and physics have no concepts with which to describe purposive behavior which is an observable fact merely shows that concepts of purpose are foreign to these sciences; but it is difficult to see whence Kuo and his confrères derive authority for banishing from...
A certain degree of knowledge of a series of stimuli (lifted weights) was established, and single members of the series were presented for absolute judgment. The method of absolute judgment was then compared with the method of constant stimuli and it was found that the psychometric curves of the...
This article summarizes Thurstone's statistical procedure for computing scale values of stimuli presented by the method of paired comparisons and the statistical theory which is involved. It is demonstrated from four sets of data that Thurstone's scale values correlate almost perfectly with the...
A "difference-pattern" hypothesis is advanced to account for localization of sound which assumes the following: phase, time and intensity, and possibly mass, contribute to a difference-pattern that results in directional localization. Each factor contributes to the pattern to a varying degree,...
The presence of beat and combination tones has led investigators to look to the nature of the compounded or resultant wave itself for an explanation of the hearing of these additive tones. The author's preliminary experiments indicate that the lead which these theorists are following may be...
Statistical facts relating to the membership of the American Psychological Association were taken from the 1928 Year Book; they relate to the following topics: geographical distribution, academic antecedents, problem of "inbreeding," academic rank (in cases of members, not in colleges,...
(See III: 528). Do not factors, at least, enter into every chemical, physical and mechanical process, and shall we consider electrons and atoms genuine factors but deny that organisms are factors in what happens to them?
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