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In a complete identification experiment line segments with 0, 45, 90, and 135 degrees orientation were exposed tachistoscopically as stimuli. The four stimuli were identified under three successive frequency conditions: In the first condition the stimuli occurred with equal frequency, in the...
Krauss, Katzell and Krauss (1974) have presented evidence suggesting that hypnosis can be used to facilitate free-recall learning. Specifically, they report that ‘hypnotised’ individuals, given special time-distortion instructions, can recall as much in three minutes as ‘waking’ control subjects...
In an attempt to discover patterns of adult figurative language use, preference and comprehension, 30 Ss were asked to complete 4 different tasks: a composition, a test of simile preference, a test of simile production, and a test of metaphoric comprehension. Each test provided scores for both...
A signal detection experiment was performed to investigate the sensitivity shift after stimulation with discontinuous octave-band noise of 95 dB (A). The influence of psychological factors on the sensitivity shift in the stimulated and the unstimulated ear was investigated in a two-factorial...
Single line segments titled with 0, 45, 90, and 135 degrees orientation were briefly exposed as stimuli and the subjects had to identify the orientation of a presented line segment. The length of the lines and the exposure duration were varied. The multicomponent theory (Rumelhart, 1970, 1971)...
Four experiments were carried out in which the probability of free recall of words as a function of serial position within lists was examined. The lists were presented either auditorily or visually, with subjects either silent or engaged in irrelevant articulation, and with recall either...
This paper outlines a classificatory theory of cognitive similarity and compares it to feature approaches. The theory assumes that similarity is a function of the number of classes contained in the universe referred to in the judgments and the number of elements contained in the class defined by...
In this investigation, the effectiveness of tactual maps for the blind was tested. Four different pseudomaps were constructed; they differ on the one hand in type of construction (channel vs. track construction) and on the other hand in degree of complexity (low vs. high complexity).
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