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Group and individual-difference adoption designs lead to opposite conclusions concerning the importance of shared environment (SE) for the child outcomes of IQ and antisocial behavior. This paradox could be due to the range restriction (RR) of family environments (FE) that goes with adoption...
The authors propose that the goal objects of motivated behaviors serve as reinforcers. Animals sensitize and then habituate to these reinforcers with repeated contact, altering their ability to control behavior. Several characteristics of motivation are consistent with this idea. Motivated...
recently presented in this journal a set of ganzfeld extrasensory perception (ESP) experiments conducted by C. Honorton that appeared to support the existence of a communication anomaly. In this article, the authors present a meta-analysis of 30 ganzfeld ESP studies from 7 independent...
Connectionist models of perception and cognition, including the process of deducing meaningful messages from patterns of acoustic waves emitted by vocal tracts, are developed and refined as human understanding of brain function, psychological processes, and the properties of massively parallel...
Two analyses were conducted to examine gender differences in global self-esteem. In Analysis I, a computerized literature search yielded 216 effect sizes, representing the testing of 97,121 respondents. The overall effect size was 0.21, a small difference favoring males. A significant quadratic...
Much is known about attentional switching across space, but much less about switches between nonspatial domains such as category or task. Nonetheless, extensive information about attentional switching in both spatial and nonspatial domains can be found in the experimental literature on a...
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