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The last 20 years have seen remarkable gains in our understanding of the pathophysiology of sleep-disordered breathing. The rapid growth in both scientific and clinical knowledge has been fueled by the development of nonsurgical therapies for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). These medical therapies...
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is most commonly the result of unfavorable anatomic configuration of the pharyngeal airway. Although tracheostomy bypasses the pharyngeal airway, other surgical approaches to OSAS modify the pharyngeal airway by extirpation of soft tissue or modification of...