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Large-scale protein-protein interaction networks provide new opportunities for understanding cellular organization and functioning. We introduce network schemas to elucidate shared mechanisms within interactomes. Network schemas specify descriptions of proteins and the topology of interactions...
Similarly to protein folding, the association of two proteins is driven by a free energy funnel, determined by favorable interactions in some neighborhood of the native state. We describe a docking method based on stochastic global minimization of funnel-shaped energy functions in the space of...
Substitutions of individual amino acids in proteins may be under very different evolutionary restraints depending on their structural and functional roles. The Environment Specific Substitution Table (ESST) describes the pattern of substitutions in terms of amino acid location within elements of...
The cellular response elicited by an environmental cue typically varies with the strength of the stimulus. For example, in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae , the concentration of mating pheromone determines whether cells undergo vegetative growth, chemotropic growth, or mating. This implies...
Computational methods to identify functional genomic elements using genetic information have been very successful in determining gene structure and in identifying a handful of cis -regulatory elements. But the vast majority of regulatory elements have yet to be discovered, and it has become...
A cornerstone of biotechnology is the use of microorganisms for the efficient production of chemicals and the elimination of harmful waste. Pseudomonas putida is an archetype of such microbes due to its metabolic versatility, stress resistance, amenability to genetic modifications, and vast...
Reward-modulated spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) has recently emerged as a candidate for a learning rule that could explain how behaviorally relevant adaptive changes in complex networks of spiking neurons could be achieved in a self-organizing manner through local synaptic plasticity....
The cell's cytoplasm is crowded by its various molecular components, resulting in a limited solvent capacity for the allocation of new proteins, thus constraining various cellular processes such as metabolism. Here we study the impact of the limited solvent capacity constraint on the metabolic...
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