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Plant mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are involved in a range of biotic and abiotic stress responses, but many members of the MAPK family involved in signal transduction of the stress-related hormone ABA remain to be identified and how they regulate ABA signaling is still...
To our knowledge the present paper shows for the first time the kinetic parameters of all the three starch branching enzyme (BE) isozymes, BEI, BEIIa and BEIIb, from rice with both amylopectin and synthetic amylose as glucan substrate. The activities of these BE isozymes with a linear glucan...
In photosynthetic organisms chlorophyll and heme biosynthesis is tightly regulated at various levels in response to environmental adaptation and plant development. The formation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is the key regulatory step and provides adequate amounts of the common precursor...
High soil salinity is a major abiotic stress in plant agriculture worldwide. Here, we report the characterization of a novel aquaporin gene TaNIP ( Triticum asetivum L. nodulin 26-like intrinsic protein), which was involved in salt tolerance pathways in plants. TaNIP was identified and cloned...
The crtB gene of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, encoding phytoene synthase, was inactivated in the Δ crtH mutant to generate a carotenoidless Δ crtH/B double mutant. Δ crtH mutant cells were used because they had better transformability than wild-type cells, most probably due to their adaptation...
DEAD-box RNA helicases are involved in RNA metabolism, including pre-mRNA splicing, ribosome biogenesis, RNA decay and gene expression. In this study, we identified a homolog of the RH36 gene, AtRH36 , which encodes a DEAD-box protein in Arabidopsis thaliana . The gene was expressed ubiquitously...
Starch forms transparent grains, referred to as starch grains (SGs), in amyloplasts. Despite the simple glucose polymer composition of starch, SGs exhibit different morphologies depending on plant species, especially in the endosperm of the Poaceae family. This study reports a novel method for...
The storage glucans of Cyanidioschyzon merolae (clade L-1 (cyanidian algae), order Porphyridiales, subclass Bangiophycidae), which is considered to be one of the most primitive rhodophytes, were analyzed to understand the early evolution of the glucan structure in the Rhodophyta. Chain-length...
Trees that accumulate metals are important plants for restoring contaminated soil because of their high biomass. We examined the cadmium (Cd) tolerance and growth rate of six willow ( Salix ) species common in Japan. To characterize in detail the localization of Cd and its ligands, synchrotron...
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