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The effects of an aqueous extract of Glauciumn arabicum on uterine smooth muscle of rat and guinea pig were tested in vitro using isolated uterine horns. The aqueous extract of G. arabicum inhibited the spontaneous movement of the rat and guinea pig uterine smooth muscle. Also, the aqueous...
Several samples of market resins sold under the names of Luban and Kundur were analysed. The Luban was essentially gum benzoin from Styrax species and not the true Olibanum from Boswellia species. However, Kundur was the product of Boswellia serrata, and therefore could be termed Indian Olibanum.
Furocoumarin content was investigated in the different vegetative organs of several cultivated Psoralea species (P. macrostachya DC, P. onobrychis Nutt., P. glandulosa L. and P. bituminosa L.). The linear furocoumarin psoralen and its angular isomer angelicin are ubiquitously present, although...
The tropane and pyridine alkaloids contained in the aerial parts of three putative hybrids of the tribe Anthocercideae, family Solanaceae have been investigated. The cross Cyphanthera albicans x Duboisia myoporoides contains the principal alkaloids of both parents, present in an amount in excess...
The anti-asthmatic activity of a 50% aqueous ethanol extract of dried and fresh leaves, and the volatile and fixed oils of Ocimum sanctum was evaluated against histamine- and acetylcholine-in-duced pre-convulsive dyspnea (PCD) in guinea pigs. The 50% ethanol extract of fresh leaves, volatile oil...
Dihydroperfamine (I), partially enriched by its dextrorotatory enantiomer, has been isolated from a Saudi Arabian variant of Haplophyllum tuberculatum. Its structure was deduced from its physical and spectral data, and by direct comparison with the (-)-antipode. The profile of the other isolated...
A study on the traditional phytotherapy in Makawanpur district, Central Nepal revealed that it is still the method of choice to treat the majority of frequently occuring ailments. Information on 86 plant species with 120 empirically accepted prescriptions for therapeutic doses are presented,...
An ethnobotanical exploration was carried out from 1985 to 1987 in Cuddapah District of Andhra Pradesh, one of the southern states of India. In this report, information on forty five species used in traditional medicine by local tribal people (the Yanadis, Yerukalas, Sugalis, and Chenchus) for...
The effect of the ethanol extract of sarsaparilla (Smilax regelii) has been studied on carbon tetrachloride (CCI 4 )-induced hepatocellular damage in rats. Pretreatment with an ethanol extract of sarsaparilla significantly inhibited CCI 4 -induced biochemical changes. Acute and chronic toxicity...
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