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The rationale for multi-target drugs has been strengthened both on theoretical and empirical grounds. Serious diseases that are intractable to treatment were found to have multiple pathogenic factors and examples of successful drugs were shown to affect multiple disease targets. The salient...
Central and peripheral injections of fghrelin potently stimulates food intake via its receptor, GHSR1a expressed in the brain. In this study, we explored the role of GHSR1a in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) by reducing their gene expression using the RNA interference...
Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. A growing body of research focuses on the role of microglia, the primary immune cells in the brain, in modulating brain inflammation and oxidative stress. One of the most abundant...
Insect growth regulators play an important role in Integrated Pest Management systems. Cockroach-type allatostatins (FGLamides) (ASTs), which are a family of basic peptides first isolated from brains of Diploptera punctata were originally discovered on the basis of their ability to inhibit the...
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and its family of peptides are thought to have a major role in the physiological control of energy homeostasis. Among five NPY receptors described, stimulation of the Y2 receptor (Y2R) or inhibition of the Y5 receptor (Y5R) has recently been shown to produce weight-lowering...
The objective of this work was to explore the potential of ultraflexible liposomes as carriers for improving the absorption of salmon calcitonin (sCT) through intranasal administration. The average diameters of positively charged ultraflexible liposomes ranged from about 73 to 99 nm, while those...
The adipocyte-derived hormone, leptin controls feeding behavior, augments fatty acid β-oxidation in the skeletal muscle, attenuates insulin secretion but enhances whole body insulin sensitivity and glucose disposal, thereby serving as a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of...
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