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Crustacean peptide pheromones, kairomones, and substituted amino sugar kairomones are reviewed from a historical perspective. These crustacean information molecules are secondary functions of structural polymers. They are partial hydrolysis products, generated usually by the action of...
The intracellular signal transduction pathway by which the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae responds to the presence of peptide mating pheromone in its surroundings is one of the best understood signaling pathways in eukaryotes, yet continues to generate new surprises and insights. In this review,...
Vertebrates communicate through pheromones, which favor biological regulations within each species. Aphrodisin, a protein belonging to the lipocalin superfamily, found in hamster vaginal secretions, is detected by the male accessory olfactory system and induces or facilitates its copulatory...
Peptides derived from the post-translational processing of preprosodefrin were isolated from an extract of the abdominal glands of male red-bellied newts Cynops pyrrhogaster obtained 5 months prior to the onset of the breeding season. Structural characterization of the peptides showed that the...
The enterococcal pheromone-inducible plasmids such as pCF10 represent a unique class of mobile genetic elements whose transfer functions are induced by peptide sex pheromones. These pheromones are excreted by potential recipient cells and detected by plasmid-containing donor cells at the cell...
The production of the type I antimicrobial peptide (AMP) subtilin by Bacillus subtilis is regulated in a cell-density-dependent manner (Kleerebezem M, de Vos WM, Kuipers OP. The lantibiotics nisin and subtilin act as extracellular regulators of their own biosynthesis. In: Dunny GM, Winans SC,...
The urine of mice, rats and some other rodents contains substantial quantities of proteins that are members of the lipocalin family. The proteins are thought to be responsible for the binding and release of low molecular weight pheromones, and there is now good evidence that they discharge this...
Lantibiotics are produced by a variety of Gram-positive bacteria. The production of these peptides appears to be regulated at the transcriptional level in a cell-density-dependent manner in various bacteria. This phenomenon has been studied in detail for the production of nisin by Lactococcus...
Female specimen of the ragworm, Nereis succinea , employs a tetra-peptide, cysteinyl–glutathione (CSSG) as mate recognition and gamete release pheromone during reproduction. In the present study we review the role of peptide-based pheromones in Nereid worms focusing on pheromone production in...
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