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Prevention of gut hypoplasia associated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) was investigated in 67 adult male Fischer 344 rats. Mass and protein content of the small intestine was reduced by 31% and 39%, respectively, after 7 d of TPN in tumor-bearing (TB) rats. Coinfusing peptide YY (PYY; 1...
The metabolic derangements of the injured or stressed patient are governed by multiple factors that partially include the severity of insult, preexisting illnesses, available energy reserves, and appropriateness of intervention. The normal response to injury is further characterized by the...
Because home total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is not available to most of the Brazilian population, an alternative treatment for short bowel syndrome was evaluated. Four patients ages 40–65 y (mean: 53.75 ± 10.59), three with mesenteric thrombosis, and one with Crohn’s disease were studied....
This study aimed to determine the osmolality that peripheral venous endothelial cells can tolerate and to clarify the relationship between tolerance osmolality and duration of infusion. Nutrient solutions of 539–917 mOsm/kg, prepared to have no acidic effect, were infused into rabbit ear veins,...
Physiologic responses of 30 enterally-fed long-term care residents with type 2 diabetes receiving total nutrition support via either a disease-specific (reduced-carbohydrate, modified-fat) formula or a standard high-carbohydrate formula for 3 mo were compared. Objectives of the study included...
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