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Tobacco companies are responding to public pressure to market less dangerous and aversive products by developing novel smoking systems. The short- and long-term effects of these systems must be evaluated to determine the risks inherent in their use. One such system, the Accord®, uses a hand-held...
The neurobiology of nicotine addiction is reviewed within the context of neurobiological and behavioral theories postulated for other drugs of abuse. The roles of various neurotransmitter systems, including acetylcholine, dopamine, serotonin, glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid, and opioid...
Understanding the contribution of race to factors associated with cigarette smoking and nicotine metabolism is essential for the characterization of patterns of tobacco use, nicotine dependence and incidence of tobaccorelated diseases. This paper reports an investigation of cotinine levels among...
It has been suggested that a consequence of the declining prevalence of smoking in the United States over the past 25 years is that the population of remaining smokers is becoming more difficult to treat. That is, compared to smokers of years past, today's smokers are more likely to be highly...
The feasibility of the emergency department (ED) as a setting for smoking interventions was examined among 159 adult patients presenting with chest pain (38% were smokers). Subjects had been admitted to a 24-h observation unit (OU) to rule out myocardial infarction. We examined the frequency and...
The genotoxic effects of bidi smoke were investigated in the somatic chromosomes of 45 men habituated to smoking bidi. Mitotic index (MI), chromosomal aberrations (CA), sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) and satellite associations (SA) were used as parameters. When compared with the results...
Few studies have considered the etiological role of the fetal environment on the offspring's substance use. This prospective study examines the relations between the mother's prenatal and current smoking and the offspring's smoking experimentation. A low SES birth cohort of 589 10-year-olds, who...
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