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Several evidences indicate that PPARγ stimulation promotes neuronal differentiation. However, to date, no data describe the effects of PPARγ agonists on neurite outgrowth. Here we have evaluated the effects of pioglitazone, a synthetic PPARγ agonist, on differentiation and neurite outgrowth in...
Machado–Joseph disease is an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar degeneration caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract within the gene product, ataxin-3. We have previously shown that increased oxidative stress and decreased expression of Hsp27 may be contributory factors to the disease...
We previously reported that BT-11, the extract of dried roots of Polygala tenuifolia Willdenow, had neuroprotective effects and improved scopolamine- and stress-induced amnesia in rats. It also blocked the activity of acetylcholinesterase and enhanced glucose utilization in the rat brain....
Riluzole is the only drug approved for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) but its precise mode of action is not properly understood. Damage to axonal transport of neurofilaments is believed to be part of the pathogenic mechanism in ALS and this has been linked to defective...
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hereditary ataxias in Cuba, with a special focus on the clinical and molecular features of SCA2. Clinical assessments were performed by neurological examinations and application of the SARA scale. Molecular analyses of genes SCA1–3,...
The aim of the present study is to investigate whether immunoreactive (I) calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) content is decreased in plasma and mesenteric arteries (resistance arteries) in middle-aged rats and if so, whether sex steroid hormones enhance I-CGRP in middle-aged female rats. We...
The spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) innervates striated muscles, the bulbocavernosus and levator ani (BC/LA), which control penile reflexes. Castration results in shrinkage in the size of SNB somata and dendrites, as well as BC/LA muscle mass. However, there is no information about...
We examined the effects of JP-1302 (a selective α 2C antagonist), BRL-44408 (a selective α 2A antagonist) and yohimbine (a non-selective α 2 antagonist) on haloperidol-induced bradykinesia and catalepsy in mice to elucidate the role of α 2 adrenoceptor subtypes in modifying extrapyramidal...
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