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This study investigated the extent to which amnesic patients use fluency of perceptual identification as a cue for recognition. Perceptual fluency was measured by having participants gradually unmask words before making recognition judgments. In Experiment 1, familiarity was the only possible...
Twelve neurologically normal participants (4 men and 8 women) performed semantic, phonological, and orthographic working memory tasks and a control task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Divergent regions of the posterior left hemisphere used for decoding and storage of information...
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and normal controls (NCs) were administered a series of visual attention tasks. The dimensional integration task required integration of information from 2 stimulus dimensions. The selective attention task required selective attention to 1 stimulus dimension...
Two experiments assessed inhibitory mechanisms associated with the posterior and anterior attention networks in schizophrenia. Experiment 1 assessed the inhibition of return effect of the posterior network. Both healthy adults and schizophrenic adults showed inhibition of return, suggesting that...
Writing hand preference is a prominent functional asymmetry, but biomechanical factors may also contribute to any kinematic differences in the quality of handwriting movements performed by either hand. Eighteen dextral participants used a noninking pen with their right or left hand to write...
Automatic and effortful memory processes were evaluated in a 2-session, within-subjects design involving an alcohol challenge and a no-alcohol condition. Free recall of a 90-word list measured effortful processing. Estimation of word frequency from the same list measured automatic processing....
The authors investigated selective attention in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), using a well-known visual search procedure. In simple feature search, the deficit observed in AD patients represented a baseline shift in the median hit reaction time (RT). On the conjoined feature search...
This study partly supports the hypothesis that frontal lobe lesions cause impairment of metamemory. Fifty-nine patients with a focal brain lesion and 21 non-brain-damaged patients memorized a 4 × 4 matrix of 16 faces in 6 consecutive trials and predicted the number of locations of faces they...
Controlled processing, response inhibition, and set adoption were examined in 51 HIV-1 infected participants and 21 uninfected controls who were administered a vocal reaction time (RT) version of the Stroop task (Stroop–RT; ) as well as the traditional 100 item paper-and-pencil version....
To clarify the involvement of prefrontal cortex in episodic memory, behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) measures of recognition were examined in patients with dorsolateral prefrontal lesions. In controls, recognition accuracy and the ERP old–new effect declined with increasing...
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