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Background . Chronic renal failure patients have a high cardiovascular disease burden, low numbers and impaired function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). We hypothesized that enhanced uraemic toxin removal restores EPCs in haemodialysis patients. Methods. In a prospective, randomized,...
Background. Although mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is being increasingly used to manage lupus nephritis (LN), long-term experience is limited. Despite treatment, a significant proportion of patients will be refractory to this regime. Methods. We report, in this observational study, our long-term...
Pre-existing diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (DPGN) in a potential deceased kidney donor has been considered a contraindication for transplantation. We report a case of a patient who underwent a successful deceased donor renal transplantation from a donor with history of systemic lupus...
Background. The haemodynamic responses to angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockade may be mediated in part by interactions between angiotensin II and the angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R). An AT2R G1675A gene polymorphism has been described, but the functional effects of this...
Arterial pressure is a cyclic phenomenon characterized by a pressure wave oscillating around the mean blood pressure, from diastolic to systolic blood pressure, defining the pulse pressure. Aortic input impedance is a measure of the opposition of the circulation to an oscillatory flow input...
Background . Circulating chemerin, a novel adipokine linked to obesity, glucose tolerance and hyperlipidaemia, was recently reported to be increased in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We explored possible links between chemerin and various clinical, nutritional and biochemical markers as...
Background. The effects of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF α), a potent proinflammatory cytokine, in the kidneys are mediated by two membrane receptors (TNFR), TNFR1 and TNFR2. The expression of both TNF and TNFRs increases in several kidney diseases and is associated with the shedding of the...
Background. Diffusive clearance depends on blood and dialysate flow rates and the overall mass transfer area coefficient ( K o A ) of the dialyzer. Although K o A should be constant for a given dialyzer, urea K o A has been reported to vary with dialysate flow rate possibly because of...
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