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Fifty-four subjects (36 females and 18 males) affected by clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and with onset of the disease at 15 years of age or before were prospectively studied in five Italian MS centres. Female/male ratio was 4.7 in subjects with age ≥12 years, suggesting a role of...
Apolipoprotein-E (Apo-E) is the major lipid carrier in the brain, and is therefore important in the recycling of lipids and cholesterol to regenerating neurons during the remission phase of multiple sclerosis (MS). Interferon (IFN)-े has been shown to inhibit Apo-E production by a mainly...
Background : We compared two brief neuropsychological batteries devised to assess people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and used them to assess the relationship between cognitive impairment and clinical characteristics. Methods : We administered either the Brief Repeatable Battery of...
Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients of an inpatient rehabilitation program have been randomly assigned to an exercise training (MS-ET) or nontraining group (MS-NI). Before and after 4 weeks of aerobic exercise training, a graded maximal exercise test with measurement of gas exchange and a lung...
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is involved in the transport of lipids necessary for membrane repair and is encoded by a gene on chromosome 19q13, a region positive for linkage in two multiple sclerosis (MS) genome-wide screens. The APOE e4 allele confers susceptibility to both familial and sporadic...
The aim of this study was to investigate changes of brain volume as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients under treatment with interferon beta-1a. Moreover, the relationship between brain volume changes and standard MR or clinical...
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is generally considered as an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. This concept has led to the idea that profound immunosuppression followed by transplantation of stem cell grafts would stop, or at least slow down, disease activity. Supported by the positive...
This study documents changes in clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics in a large cohort of patients with primary and transitional progressive multiple sclerosis (PP and TPMS) over 2 years. Patients with PPMS and TPMS were recruited from six European centres and underwent...
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