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The proinflammatory cytokine interferon gamma (IFG) is elevated in body fluids of multiple sclerosis patients but its variation range is broad. The reason for this wide scatter of IFG production is not yet known. We looked for the relation between clinical parameters such as disability,...
Rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia can cause osmotic brain demyelination in animals and humans. Why demyelination develops is unknown, but blood brain-barrier disruption might expose oligodendrocytes to substances normally excluded from the brain. To test this hypothesis, chronic...
Patients suffering from multiple sclerosis have a high frequency of cognitive deficits usually attributable to demyelination and axonal loss in the subcortical white matter. Neurologic abnormalities referable to cortical function are uncommon but have been described. The present study describes...
Allelic variants of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene influence the course of several neurological diseases. In multiple sclerosis the concentration of APOE in cerebrospinal fluid and its intrathecal synthesis is reduced. Specific isoforms of APOE may also be important and it has been suggested...
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to study the history of multiple sclerosis (MS). We analyze the relationship between MRI activity in the first scan compared to the subsequent five scans, and we evaluate whether a shorter observation period of 3 months may predict the subsequent 3...
In recent years we have seen growing evidence for the role of chemokines in the pathogenesis of several infectious and non-infectious inflammatory CNS disease states, including Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE). An increase in...
Phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDEIs), when used in combination, synergistically suppress TNFa production by various cells and also suppress experimental demyelination at very low concentrations. We conducted a pilot study to determine whether the combination of three PDEIs suppresses the relapse...
The pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis is under strong genetic control involving several or more genes each of modest effect. Whilst the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of MS remain unknown, it has been hypothesised that either decreased apoptosis of autoreactive T cells in the CNS, or...
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