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Nitric oxide is hypothesised to play a role in the immunopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. Raised cerebrospinal fluid and serum levels of the nitric oxide metabolites nitrate and nitrite have been described in patients with multiple sclerosis. Cerebrospinal fluid and serum nitrate and nitrite...
Brain proteins are released into body fluids in a fashion which reflects the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms for individual diseases. It is therefore important to distinguish not only different protein markers (reflecting various brain cells from which they have been released), but also their...
Twenty-seven patients with acute monosymptomatic optic neuritis were randomly selected from a population-based cohort of patients extensively screened for known etiologies of ON. Paired serum and CSF obtained median 20 days from onset were examined for oligoclonal IgG, free kappa and free lambda...
This paper describes the relevance of measuring biogenic amine metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid in order to detect inborn errors affecting catecholamines and serotonin biosynthesis. Defects in tetrahydrobiopterin and a deficiency of aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, tyrosine hydroxylase or...
MS is associated with a cytokine storm characterized by the parallel upregulation of proinflammatory (IFN-g, TNF-a, and b, and IL-12) and immune response-down-regulating (TGF-b, IL-10) cytokines. Also IL-6 and the cytolytic molecule perforin are upregulated. Even when evaluated in individual MS...
Phage displayed random peptide libraries were screened in order to identify phagotopes reacting with the IgG present in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Six families of phagotopes each composed of different isolates were identified. These phagotopes were used as...
Serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) soluble Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) levels were evaluated (ELISA) in 22 untreated and 13 corticosteroid-treated active relapsing remitting (RR) Multiple Sclerosis (MS), in 10 untreated and 10 corticosteroid-treated Guillain-Barr\xE9 syndrome...
Myelin basic protein (MBP) or a fragment thereof may enter cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and other body fluids in an etiologically nonspecific fashion to provide information about the status of central nervous system (CNS) myelin damage. MBP immunochemically detected is referred to as MBP-like...
The presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and soluble IL-2 receptors (sIL-2R) in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS) has been extensively investigated. These studies, however, have produced conflicting results. The only significant finding...
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), with its protein markers, is a formidable material for investigating the relationships among the various cell types involved during the initial phase of plaque formation, or, successively, in the remyelination process. Its analysis may give definite help in better...
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