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Abstract mRNA encoding the recently cloned γ-aminobuytyric acid A receptor (GABAR) π subunit is expressed in the hippocampus and in several non-neuronal tissues including the uterus and ovaries. Whereas native GABARs are pentamers composed primarily of αβγ, αβδ, or αβε subunits, it has...
Abstract Microsomal cytochrome P-450 1A (CYP1A) in a vertebrate model (the teleost fish scup) is inactivated by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonist 3,3′,4,4′-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB). Here, the mechanism of CYP1A inactivation and its relationship to reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation...
Abstract Etoposide (VP-16) is extensively used to treat cancer, yet its efficacy is calamitously associated with an increased risk of secondary acute myelogenous leukemia. The mechanisms for the extremely high susceptibility of myeloid stem cells to the leukemogenic effects of etoposide have not...
Abstract An agonist at a specific G protein-coupled receptor may exhibit a range of efficacies for any given response in a cell-specific manner. We report that the relationship between different states of agonism is regulated by the type of G protein expressed in the cell. In NIH-3T3 α 2...
Abstract UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1 (UGT1A1) catalyzes the glucuronidation of bilirubin in liver. Among all UGT isoforms identified to date, it is the only relevant bilirubin-glucuronidating enzyme in human. Because glucuronoconjugation is the major route of bilirubin elimination, any...
Abstract Different amino side chains in the N-terminal extracellular region of the inhibitory glycine receptor (GlyR) have been shown to be crucial for ligand recognition. Here we describe a novel domain of the GlyRα1 subunit that constitutes an important determinant of antagonist activity. The...
Abstract 3 HResiniferatoxin (RTX) binding and calcium uptake by rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons show distinct structure-activity relations, suggestive of independent vanilloid receptor (VR) subtypes. We have now characterized ligand binding to rat VR1 expressed in human embryonic kidney...
Abstract Okadaic acid (OA), a toxin from the black sponge Halicondria okadai , is a specific inhibitor of serine/threonine protein phosphatases 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A). OA is a tumor promoter but also induces apoptosis in some tumor cell lines. In this study, we determined whether ras mutation...
Abstract Phosphorylation of deoxycytidine analogs by cellular enzymes is a prerequisite for the activity of these compounds. We have investigated the kinetic parameters for the phosphorylation of 1-β- d -arabinofuranosylcytosine (araC) and 2′,2′-difluorodeoxycytidine (dFdC) to their...
Abstract The cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) have been implicated in the pathophysiology of inflammatory disorders, in particular asthma, for which the CysLT receptor antagonists pranlukast, zafirlukast, and montelukast, have been introduced recently as novel therapeutics. Here we report on the...
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