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Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) are cell-surface transmembrane receptors that contain regulated kinase activity within their cytoplasmic domain and play an important role in signal transduction in both normal and malignant cells. The mammalian TAM RTK family includes 3 closely related members:...
TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis is a crucial event in the control of tumor growth. However, many cancer cells, including colon cancer cells, are resistant to TRAIL-driven cell death. We have recently shown that 2-methoxy-5-amino- N -hydroxybenzamide (herein termed...
We identified nocodazole as a potent antimyeloma drug from a drug screening library provided by the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation. Nocodazole is a benzimidazole that was originally categorized as a broad-spectrum anthelmintic drug with antineoplastic properties. We found that nocodazole...
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy and is often not diagnosed until late stages due to its asymptomatic nature. Women diagnosed with EOC typically undergo surgical debulking followed by chemotherapy; however, disease recurrence often occurs. In this study,...
Recently, microRNAs (miRNA), small noncoding RNAs, have taken center stage in the field of human molecular oncology. However, their roles in tumor biology remain largely unknown. According to the assumption that miRNAs implicated in a specific tumor phenotype will show aberrant regulation of...
Both 2-(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole (5F-203; NSC 703786) and 2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole (GW-610; NSC 721648) are antitumor agents with novel mechanism(s). Previous studies have indicated that cytochrome (CYP) P450 1A1 is crucial for 5F-203 activity. In the...
Although erlotinib has become an important therapeutic option in addition to gemcitabine, the high frequency of KRAS mutations in pancreatic cancer probably limits the benefits. We retrospectively studied 136 pancreatic cancer patients with available formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor blocks...
PARP-1 is a critical enzyme in the repair of DNA strand breaks. Inhibition of PARP-1 increases the effectiveness of radiation in killing tumor cells. However, although the mechanism(s) are well understood for these radiosensitizing effects in vitro , the underlying mechanism(s) in vivo are less...
Fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) is a cytosolic adapter protein essential for mediating death receptor–induced apoptosis. It has also been implicated in a number of nonapoptotic activities including embryogenesis, cell-cycle progression, cell proliferation, and tumorigenesis. Our...
The aim of this study was to test in vitro the efficacy of TAC, an original G-quadruplex ligand, as a potential radiosensitizing agent for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Two human radioresistant telomerase-positive GBM cell lines (SF763 and SF767) were analyzed, with and without TAC treatment,...
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