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Aim The objective of this study was to investigate sex-specific differences existing on the way from (abdominal) obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) to type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Beyond its antidiabetic activity justifying its use in the treatment of the type 2 diabetes, metformin (MET (dimethylguanidine, Glucophage)) has been shown to exhibit antioxidant properties in vitro, which could contribute to limit the deleterious vascular complications of diabetes. We...
Background Renal failure is associated with a range of metabolic abnormalities including insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. We examined the role of creatinine clearance (CrCl) and body composition in the development of insulin resistance in patients with primary renal disease and a variable...
Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations are markedly increased in end-stage renal disease and only partially corrected by folic acid supplementation. We and others have reported that cobalamin, administered parenterally, reduces plasma tHcy substantially below the lowest concentrations...
Alkaptonuria, a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the HGD gene and deficiency of homogentisate 1,2 dioxygenase, is characterized by ochronosis, arthritis, and daily excretion of gram quantities of homogentisic acid (HGA). Nitisinone, an inhibitor of the enzyme...
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a common complex trait disorder. Multiple genome scans have identified different loci in linkage with T2D, including a locus on chromosome 17q24-25. Because the glucagon receptor gene ( GCR ) resides on chromosome 17q25, it might be responsible for the linkage...
A few attempts have so far been made to determine the regional renal blood flow distribution in experimental diabetic rats. In the present experiment, 3 weeks after successful streptozotocin injection in diabetic rats (n = 8), the blood flows in the renal superficial and deep cortexes and outer...
In the present study, nonthyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS), which is characterized by reduction of serum triiodothyronine (T3) without elevation of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), was induced by protein-energy malnutrition (PCM). Protein-energy malnutrition is a common condition and is...
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