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Dyslipoproteinemias are associated with hemorrheologic abnormalities (elevated fibrinogen concentration, higher viscosity of plasma and blood). Epidemiologic data suggest that not only elevated lipoprotein concentrations (eg, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol), but also hemorrheologic...
Amino acid catabolism and urea synthesis are increased in type 2 diabetes mellitus in poor metabolic control. In different catabolic conditions, prostaglandins (PGs) of the E series produced metabolic effects on nitrogen metabolism, decreasing urea formation. In 10 patients with type 2 diabetes...
Medium chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency classically presents as hypoketotic hypoglycemia. Underproduction of ketones has been presumed to be the cause of hypoketosis, but this has never been proven. Stable isotope dilution studies of ketone kinetics were performed on three...
Long-term denervation is associated with insulin resistance. To investigate the molecular bases of insulin resistance, the downstream signaling molecules of insulin receptor including insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-K) were examined in skeletal muscle...
Gender-related differences in the rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) between premenopausal women and men are greatly diminished in women with diabetes mellitus (DM). This may be related, in part, to altered platelet function in premenopausal diabetic women. Hyperglycemia may contribute to...
The metabolic syndrome is characterized by a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity. Elevated plasma insulin and urinary norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and reduced urinary epinephrine (adrenaline) excretion are...
These experiments tested the effect of 10 to 30 mg, citalopram/kg body weight on food intake, weight increase, and blood glucose levels in young obese hyperglycemic mice (Umeå ob/ob ). A leptin defect in ob/ob mice results in hyperphagia, hyperglycemia, and increased body weight compared with...
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of the apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene polymorphism on insulin resistance and plasma lipid composition of essential hypertensive patients. A secondary objective was to analyze if differences regarding plasma lipids had an effect on the erythrocyte...
Insulin increases skeletal muscle blood flow in healthy young subjects by a nitric oxide (NO)-dependent mechanism. Impairment of this mechanism may contribute to the insulin resistance of normal aging. We tested the hypothesis that L -arginine, the endogenous precursor for NO synthesis, would...
Vagally-mediated hyperinsulinemia is a common abnormality in various rodent models of genetic and hypothalamic obesity that have a high propensity for type 2 diabetes. We hypothesized that Pima Indians, a population with a high prevalence of hyperinsulinemia, obesity, and type 2 diabetes also...
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