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The standard gamble (SG) method and the time tradeoff (TTO) method are commonly used tomeasure utilities. However, they are distorted by biases due to loss aversion, scale compatibility, utility curvature for life duration, and probability weighting. This article applies corrections for these...
Despite early recognition of the theoretical advantages of simulations that include different population subgroups/ strata and different birth cohorts, manymodeling-based economic evaluations of cervical screening have been based on unrealistic single birth cohort simulations. The authors...
Purpose . To determine the 2-year incremental cost effectiveness of initial pramipexole treatment compared with initial levodopa treatment in patientswith early Parkinson’s disease (PD) . Methods . 301 subjects with early PD were randomized to either pramipexole or levodopa and followed every 3...
Patient characteristics may influence medical decision making in various ways. The contribution of several patient characteristics to medical decision making was studied. Thirty oncologists, 29 nursing home physicians, and 22 cardiologistswere interviewed (overall response = 60%). Respondents...
The death of Bernie O’Brien in February 2004 brought a premature end to one of the most productive and influential careers in the area of health technology assessment and economic evaluation. A long-term member of the Society for Medical Decision Making, Bernie will be remembered for his...
Purpose. To determine the cost-effectiveness of a proposed reorganization of surgical and anesthesia care to balance patient volume and safety. Methods . Discrete-event simulation methods were used to compare current surgical practice with a newmodular system in which patient care is handed off...
Purpose. Comparative diagnostic accuracy (CDA) studies are typically small retrospective studies supporting a higher accuracy for one modality over another for either staging a particular disease or assessing response to therapy, and they are used to generate hypotheses for larger prospective...
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