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Summarizes previous research on factors affecting the market value of a firm’s equity and puts forward a mathematical model based on the idea that its investment opportunity set is positively related to reputation, multinationality, size and profitability; and negatively related to leverage and...
Summarizes previous research on the investment opportunity set (IOS) using price‐based and investment‐based proxies and variance measures; and develops hypotheses on the relationship between IOS, debt/equity ratios and dividend policies. Tests them on 1990‐1998 data from listed Australian...
Summarizes previous valuation models based on accounting information, extends the basic model to include dividends and retained earnings, and develops hypotheses on the relationship between share prices, dividends and earnings for firms with different investment opportunity set (IOS) levels....
Explains the concept of the investment set (IOS: i.e. chances to invest for expansion, new products, cost reduction etc.) and its effects on firm value. Reviews previous research on the theoretical relationships between IOS and optimal contracting resulting from shareholder/debtholder conflict,...
Summarizes previous research on the impact of the investment opportunity set (IOS) on firm financing, dividend and compensation policies, develops hypotheses on the effects of IOS changes on these three areas and tests them using 1980‐1989 data from a sample of US firms moving high and low IOS...
Refers to previous research to suggest that US commercial bank managers use discretion to “manage” regulatory capital and that accounting discretion can influence a bank’s investment opportunity set (IOS) and therefore its share price. Challenges the assumption that using accounting...
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