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There are many reasons for objecting to quantifying the ‘proof beyond reasonable doubt’ standard of criminal law as a percentage probability. They are divided into ethical and policy reasons, on the one hand, and reasons arising from the nature of logical probabilities, on the other. It is...
Consideration of a wide range of plausible crime scenarios during any crime investigation is important to seek convincing evidence and hence to minimize the likelihood of miscarriages of justice. It is equally important for crime investigators to be able to employ effective and efficient...
There is a well-settled maxim that the standard of persuasion in criminal trials—proof beyond a reasonable doubt—is unquantifiable. However, the usual reasons given for the unquantifiability of reasonable doubt are unsatisfactory; and a recent case, United States v. Copeland , serves as a...
In view of the variety of predispositions among jurors regarding the meaning of proof ‘beyond a reasonable doubt’, some quantitative definition of the probability of guilt required for conviction in addition to descriptive phrasing— in particular stressing the importance of avoiding...
The use of Bayesian approach in forensic science requires the evaluation of likelihood ratio related to the crime scene evidence (denoted as event E ) and the suspect characteristic (denoted as event C ). This evaluation is trivially naught when the two events are disjoint, and it is a fraction...
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