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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common life-threatening malignancies in the world. This cancer generally arises within the boundaries of well-defined causal factors, of which viral hepatitis infection, aflatoxin exposure, chronic alcohol abuse, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis...
Background Postoperative intra-abdominal adhesion formation remains a major surgical problem. Surgery induces an inflammatory reaction, which is responsible for adhesion formation. Neutrophils and their oxygen-free radicals are key mediators in the early post-operative inflammatory response. The...
Background Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants. We have recently found that activation of multiple cellular signaling transduction pathways occurs during ROS-induced intestinal cell apoptosis; the...
Background The intestinal oligopeptide transporter (PepT1) is responsible for the absorption of nutrient di-tripeptide and mediates the transportation of bacterial product N -formylmethionylleucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) that induces intestinal inflammation. PepT1 is absent from normal colon...
Background Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a survival factor for endothelial cells and expresses in the ischemic myocytes. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the simultaneous application of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and BDNF incorporating gelatin hydrogels...
Background Neointimal proliferation resulting in luminal renarrowing is the major cause of restenosis limiting the long-term success of coronary angioplasty in 20 to 30% of patients. Local transfection of the DNA encoding for VEGF has been shown to enhance re-endothelialization and reduce...
Background An isolated arteriole fails to dilate in response to endotoxin unless a segment of aorta is included in the perfusion system. The unknown substance released by the aorta after exposure to endotoxin is dependent upon the NF-κB pathway and induces inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)...
Background Reflux of pancreatic juice into the biliary tract is a well-known risk factor for the development of biliary carcinoma. In this study, we investigated the significance of bile-reflux into the pancreatic ducts in pancreatic carcinogenesis, especially in the development of carcinoma in...
Background The purpose of this study was to assess the burst strength and stiffness of heavy weight (HW), mid-weight (MW), and light weight (LW) polypropylene mesh pre-implantation and 5 months post-implantation in a porcine ventral hernia model.
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