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This study compared the influence of family problems with influence of deviant and delinquent social behavior and peer relationships up to the time of the 16th birthday as risk factors for substance use, for lifetime up to age 26. Control variables for the analysis were available from the...
This study examined self reported problems and treatment services received by 237 recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits for “drug abusers and alcoholics” who had been assigned and entered into substance abuse treatment. All were administered the Treatment Services Review...
In 1993–94, fifty-five clients at an adolescent residential drug treatment facility with an innovative tobacco prevention, education and cessation program reported their tobacco attitudes, intentions, and behavior at admission and discharge. Of entering clients, 93% were current smokers and 93%...
Fals-Stewart, Birchler, and O'Farrell (1996) found that married or cohabiting substance-abusing men ( n = 40) who participated in behavioral couples therapy (BCT) in addition to individual-based treatment (IBT) for substance abuse had fewer days of substance use and, along with their partners,...
Although the importance of gender-sensitive programming for women has been acknowledged, few studies have examined outcomes from male-centered interventions in substance abuse treatment programs. Data were collected from 122 male clients in a court-mandated residential treatment program who...
The Transtheoretical, or Stages of Change Model, has been applied to the investigation of help-seeking related to a number of addictive behaviors. Overall, the model has shown to be very important in understanding the process of help-seeking. However, substance abuse rarely exists in isolation...
Several lines of evidence, including the well-established observation that κ opiate agonists produce dysphoria and psychotomimetic effects in humans, suggest that dysfunction of the endogenous κ opioid system may contribute to opioid and cocaine addiction. The objective of this open-label study...
Alcoholism treatment research has traditionally focused on direct questions of efficacy, such as is a particular intervention better than no treatment or is one treatment more effective than another. Recent projects, however, have also attempted to identify variables explaining why treatments...
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