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Objective Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective options available for treating depressive and psychotic symptoms in a variety of disorders. While the exact mechanism of ECT is unclear, it is known to increase metabolism and blood flow specifically in the anterior cingulate...
Background Among the neuroactive steroids, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) is at least in part produced in the adrenal gland and is therefore under the control of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenocortical (HPA)-system. In the present study, the impact of mirtazapine on DHEA-S and...
Most studies of the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and depression have been limited to cross-sectional designs. The objective of this study was to follow individuals over time to examine whether those with higher levels of CRF have lower risk of developing depressive...
Background It is uncertain as to what short-term outcomes predict long-term treatment compliance and outcomes in patients with MDD.
Objective Links between sleep problems and suicidality have been frequently described in clinical samples; however, this issue has not been well-studied in the general population. Using data from a nationally representative survey, we examined the association between self-reported sleep...
Suicide is an act deliberately initiated and performed by a person with full knowledge that a fatal outcome is probable. The serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor gene has been implicated in the pathogenesis of suicidal behaviour by a genetic association between the 5-HT2A T102C silent polymorphism and...
Painful physical symptoms (PPS) are common in patients with depression. Our objective was to evaluate the presence of PPS in a sample of SSRI non- or partial-responders with MDD and examine the effect of a switch to duloxetine on those PPS. Outpatients who met criteria for MDD despite having...
Background Due to concerns about overlapping symptomatology between medical conditions and depression, the validity of the beck depression inventory (BDI-II) has been assessed in various medical populations. Although major depressive disorder (MDD) and primary insomnia (PI) share some daytime...
The corticolimbic dysregulation hypothesis of bipolar disorder suggests that depressive symptoms are related to dysregulation of components of an anterior paralimbic network (anterior cingulate, anterior temporal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, parahippocampal gyrus, and amygdala) with...
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