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Abstract The chemokine receptor CXCR2 is involved in different inflammatory diseases, like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis; therefore, it is considered an attractive drug target. Different classes of small CXCR2 antagonists have been...
Abstract The history of drug discovery spans approximately 200,000 years. For much of this time, the identification of therapeutic agents was empirical, with the shift to a more hypothesis-driven approach occurring in the late 19th century. Since then, the objective has changed from identifying...
Abstract The solute carrier (Slc) superfamily is a major group of membrane transport proteins present in mammalian cells. Although Slc transporters play essential and diverse roles in the central nervous system, the localization and function of the vast majority of Slc genes in the mammalian...
Abstract The effects of treatments with cannabinoid (CB) 1 and cholecystokinin (CCK) 2 receptor agonists and antagonists, as well as compounds that enhance endocannabinoid signaling by inhibiting degradation, e.g., the fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor...
Abstract Edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one), a free radical scavenger, is used for the treatment of acute cerebral infarction. In this study, we investigated whether edaravone is neuroprotective against retinal damage. In vitro, we used a radical-scavenging capacity assay using...
Abstract Activation of ventral tegmental area (VTA)-dopaminergic (DA) neurons by ethanol has been implicated in the rewarding and reinforcing actions of ethanol. GABAergic transmission is thought to play an important role in regulating the activity of DA neurons. We have reported previously that...
Abstract Studies in both animals and humans indicate that angiogenesis is implicated in the development of atherosclerotic lesions. Thus, inhibition of angiogenesis may provide a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of atherosclerosis. Because epidemiological studies have indicated an...
Abstract The present study aimed to produce and pathophysiologically evaluate the metallothionein (MT) fusion protein. A recombinant plasmid containing DNA segment coding the pET-glutathione transferase (GST)-small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO)-MT fusion protein was inserted into Escherichia...
Abstract Inhibition of airway epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) function enhances mucociliary clearance (MCC). ENaC is positively regulated by channel-activating proteases (CAPs), and CAP inhibitors are therefore predicted to be beneficial in diseases associated with impaired MCC. The aims of the...
Abstract We examined the therapeutic activity of betamethasone disodium 21-phosphate (BP) encapsulated in biocompatible and biodegradable blended nanoparticles of poly ( d , l -lactic/glycolic acid) (PLGA)/poly( d , l -lactic acid) (PLA) homopolymers and polyethylene glycol (PEG)-block-PLGA/PLA...
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