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Abstract The clinical observation that coronary heart disease is more common in men and postmenopausal women than in premenopausal women has suggested cardiovascular protective effects of female sex hormones including hormone-mediated coronary vasodilation. We investigated whether the sex...
Abstract Recent pharmacological studies have led to the hypothesis that aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity is an excitotoxic process mediated, at least in part, by a polyamine-like modulation of N -methyl- d -aspartate (NMDA) receptors. To explore this hypothesis, we compared the effects of...
Abstract Hepatic uptake of albumin-bound amphipathic organic cations has been suggested to be mediated by multispecific bile salt and organic anion transport systems. Therefore, we investigated whether the recently cloned rat organic anion transporting polypeptides 1 and 2 as well as the human...
Abstract Cocaine is a nonselective monoamine reuptake inhibitor that is widely abused. Useful pharmacotherapies for cocaine dependence may include substitution medications that produce cocaine-like effects but have a slower onset and longer duration of action. Accordingly, the present study...
Abstract 1′,1′-Dimethylheptyl-Δ-8-tetrahydrocannabinol-11-oic acid (CT-3) is a novel cannabinoid that is under development by Atlantic Pharmaceuticals as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug. The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of CT-3 on overt symptom complex...
Abstract The effect of 24-h pretreatment with epinephrine (EPI) or norepinephrine (NE) on α 2 - and β-adrenoceptor agonist-induced, cAMP responses and G i3 α-protein expression was studied in primary cultures of rat superior cervical ganglionic (SCG) neurons. SCG neurons, 10 to 12 days in...
Abstract The effects of nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA), a lipoxygenase inhibitor and an antioxidant, on membrane currents were examined in single smooth muscle cells isolated from porcine coronary artery. Spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) recorded at −30 mV were markedly enhanced...
Abstract Nitroglycerin (NTG) is an important cardiovascular agent, but tolerance during continuous administration limits its clinical utility. Increased vascular superoxide production may mediate nitrate tolerance via a reduction in nitric oxide availability. Because superoxide anion and nitric...
Abstract Gastric epithelial chemokine response is a primary factor in the induction of gastric inflammation associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. Because sustained inflammation is a risk for gastric mucosal damage, agents that down-regulate inflammatory responses may be of therapeutic...
Abstract The present study compared interactions among dopamine D1-like agonists and partial agonists with cocaine on the locomotor stimulant effects of cocaine, as well as the discriminative-stimulus effects of cocaine, and effects of cocaine on rates of responding. Cocaine alone produced a...
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