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Because interruptions of antiretroviral treatment may entail clinical risks for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, we investigated their impact on neurocognitive functioning. Cross-sectional study was carried out, comparing HIV-infected persons who had interrupted...
Equine herpesvirus 9 (EHV-9), the newest member of the equine herpesvirus family, is a highly neurotropic herpesvirus that induces encephalitis in a variety of animals. To access transmission of EHV-9 in the nasal cavity and brain, a suckling hamster model was developed so that precise sagittal...
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) is a picornavirus and persists in the spinal cords of mice, followed by inflammatory demyelinating disease. Viral persistence is a key determinant for the TMEV-induced demyelination. Macrophages are thought to serve as the site of TMEV persistence...
In July 2009, the Center for Mental Health Research on AIDS at the National Institute of Mental Health organized and supported the meeting “NeuroAIDS in Africa.” This meeting was held in Cape Town, South Africa, and was affiliated with the 5th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and...
We describe two patients with recurrent longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) associated with human T-lymphotropic virus type I or II (HTLV-I/II) exposure, and with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in one case. HTLV-I/II are well known retroviral agents of...
The interplay between pathology and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) expansion in brain tissues has not been thoroughly assessed in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era. HIV-associated dementia (HAD) is marked by progressive brain infection due to recruitment and migration of...
Herpes simplex virus type 1 persists in the brain of most aged individuals and may contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. The virus likely utilizes accessory genes for neural spread within the nervous system and herpes simplex virus type 1 may regulate various host responses...
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