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The replication of herpes simplex virus (HSV) in epithelial cells, and during reactivation from latency in sensory neurons, depends on a ubiquitous cellular protein called host cell factor (HCF). The HSV transactivator, VP16, which initiates the viral replicative cycle, binds HCF as do some other...
The attenuated rabies virus (RV) strain Challenge Virus Standard (CVS)-F3 and a highly pathogenic strain associated with the silver-haired bats (SHBRV) can both be cleared from the central nervous system (CNS) tissues by appropriate antiviral immune mechanisms if the effectors are provided access...
The phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) in the developed world has changed with the broad institution of highly active antiretroviral theray (HAART) and with aging of the HIV+ population. Extrapyramidal motor signs were a prominent feature of...
The polyomavirus JC (JCV) is the etiologic agent of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). JCV remains quiescent in kidneys, where it displays a stable archetypal regulatory region (RR). Conversely, rearranged JCV RR, including tandem repeat patterns found in the central nervous system...