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Although many studies support a role for viruses in multiple sclerosis (MS) etiopathology, no specific agent has been consistently associated with significant numbers of MS patients without concomitant detection in non-MS controls. Previous studies have shown the presence of viral-like structures...
Our recent studies have demonstrated that extracellular, recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) Vpr protein is highly neurotoxic in the microenvironment of differentiated mature human neurons and undifferentiated neuronal precursors. Although most of the direct neurotoxic effects...
The DA strain of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis viruses (TMEV) causes a central nervous system (CNS) demyelinating disease with viral persistence despite the presence of high serum anti-TMEV antibody titers. The DA virus mutant, T81D, was created to have a mutation at position 81 in loop I of...