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To clarify the existence of HAM/TSP presenting amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-like manifestations, we assayed HTLV-I proviral load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in 15 patients with anti-HTLV-I antibody in serum and ALS-like manifestations (upper motor neuron involvement in at...
Neuronal cell death is believed to be the underlying cause of neurological diseases and AIDS dementia often seen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. The means by which HIV invades the brain is still unknown and the mechanism of neuronal cell death remains to be elucidated....
The role of NF K B activation and its relationship to inflammatory mediators and apoptosis in the HIV-infected brain have remained uncertain. The cellular and regional distribution of NF K B, TNF-α, and apoptosis was examined in the frontal cortex (FC), deep white matter (DWM) and the basal...
Possible mechanisms of HIV transmission to the brain include direct viral infection of cerebral endothelium and hematogeneous dissemination of viral-infected lymphocytes and monocytes. Cerebrospinal fluid dissemination from a primary infection of choroid plexus (CPx) is an alternative mechanism...
To determine whether some constitutional symptoms of influenza, such as headache, myalgia and nausea, could represent a viral infection of brain, muscle, and liver, we inoculated juvenile Balb/c mice intranasally with 10 3 plaque forming units of influenza B/Lee virus. Blood, brain, liver,...
We investigated the role played by inflammation in acute encephalitis following infection with a neurotropic virus by comparing the disease caused by the CVS strain of rabies virus in C57BL/6 and mice deficient for the p55 Kd TNF-α receptor (p55TNFR -/- ). Morbidity (weight loss and paralysis)...
AIDS dementia complex (ADC) is characterized by increased apoptosis, gliosis, and oxidative stress in the CNS, as well as a compromised blood-brain barrier. TNF-α has been shown to be elevated in AIDS dementia complex brains and may contribute to AIDS dementia complex. To model elevated TNF-α...
Schizophrenia is a pervasive neuropsychiatric disease of uncertain etiology. Previous studies have postulated that retroviruses may contribute to the etiology of some cases of schizophrenia. We examined the possible relationship between retroviral infection and schizophrenia by measuring...
Infection of newborn rats with Borna disease virus (BDV) leads to persistence in the absence of overt signs of inflammation. BDV persistence, however, causes cerebellar hypoplasia and hippocampal dentate gyrus neuronal cell loss, which are accompanied by diverse neurobehavioral abnormalities....
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