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Herpes simplex virus (HSV) has been a focus of research in many laboratories during the last 30-35 years, with the majority centered on the virus' replication, molecular biology and pathogenesis. Recently, HSV has begun to receive considerable attention in the field of neuroscience, where...
Measurements of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of gangliosides can be used as markers of central nervous system (CNS) neuronal involvement. We have analysed the CSF concentrations of the four major brain gangliosides GM1, GD1a, GD1b, and GT1b at different stages of HIV-1 infection. CSF...
A majority of human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-α-infected-individuals manifest a plethora of central nervous system (CNS) diseases unrelated to opportunistic infections, including acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-dementia complex (ADC), encephalitis, and various other disorders...
In Fischer rats infected with Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) at 13 days after birth and sacrificed 12 weeks later, the major pathological changes resembled those found in Parkinson's disease. Specifically there was neuronal loss with gliosis which was confined mainly to the zona compacta of...
The presence of antibodies reactive with Borna disease virus (BDV) in the sera of some patients with certain psychiatric illnesses has been taken as evidence that this veterinary neurotrophic virus may occasionally infect and cause psychiatric disorders in humans. In this paper, we report the...
This review examines information on clinical, pathological and immunological events in the slowly progressive neurologic disorder associated with the human T lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I) termed HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). The role of cellular immune...
Neuronal loss in HIV encephalopathy remains a mystery since HIV-1 productively infects macrophage and microglia and only rarely infects neurons in the central nervous system. Apoptosis is a mechanism which may account for the loss of neurons in HIV-1 infected brain. Putative toxic factors that...
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