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Human herpesvirus-6, the etiologic agent of exanthem subitum, is a ubiquitous virus that infects almost all children by the age of 2 years and that has previously been shown to be neuroinvasive. These characteristics suggest that human herpesvirus-6 may be important in the neuropathogenesis of...
To elucidate the potential role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and neuronal constitutive nitric oxide synthase (cNOS) in the pathogenesis of virus-induced encephalopathy, the activities of both NOS isoforms were determined in the brains of rats infected with Borna disease virus (BDV)...
Members of the Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus GDVII subgroup, which includes GDVII strain, are highly neurovirulent and induce a rapidly fatal polioencephalomyelitis. By contrast, Theiler's original subgroup members, which includes DA strain, are not as neurovirulent, and produce a...
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) establishes a latent infection in the human peripheral nervous system and can cause recurrent disease by reactivation. Intensive effort has been directed in recent years to unveil the molecular, cellular and immune mechanisms, as well as the virus-host interactions...
Human immunodeficiency virus causes neuronal loss in various brain regions, but it has not been reported in the putamen. However, decrease in the volume of the putamen has been observed by magnetic resonance imaging. In order to clarify this issue two complementary methods: the stereological...
We studied the clinical features and laboratory findings in 213 patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis as diagnosed in Kagoshima University Hospital. Some aspects of clinical features in HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis were characterized...
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus is a picornavirus which induces chronic immune-mediated central nervous system demyelination and virus persistence in susceptible strains of mice. Using murine strains with congeneic recombinant haplotypes, the H-2D region within the class I major...
The human polyomavirus, JCV, is the etiologic agent of the fatal central nervous system demyelinating disease, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy occurs most frequently in patients with underlying immunosuppressive disorders and is the direct...
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