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The highly conserved Rag family GTPases have a role in reporting amino acid availability to the TOR (target of rapamycin) signaling complex, which regulates cell growth and metabolism in response to environmental cues. The yeast Rag proteins Gtr1p and Gtr2p were shown in multiple independent...
DEAD-box RNA helicases of the bacterial DbpA subfamily are localized to their biological substrate when a carboxy-terminal RNA recognition motif domain binds tightly and specifically to a segment of 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) that includes hairpin 92 of the peptidyl transferase center. A complex...
Ornithine δ-aminotransferase (OAT) of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum catalyzes the reversible conversion of ornithine into glutamate-5-semialdehyde and glutamate and is—in contrast to its human counterpart—activated by thioredoxin (Trx) by a factor of 10. Trx, glutaredoxin, and...
The crystal structure of the membrane-associated (NiFe) hydrogenase from Allochromatium vinosum has been determined to 2.1 Å resolution. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy on dissolved crystals showed that it is present in the Ni-A state (> 90%)....
The Escherichia coli PriA helicase complex with the double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), the location of the strong DNA-binding subsite, and the effect of the nucleotide cofactors, bound to the strong and weak nucleotide-binding site of the enzyme on the dsDNA affinity, have been analyzed using the...
A common feature in the structures of GT-A-fold-type glycosyltransferases is a mobile polypeptide loop that has been observed to participate in substrate recognition and enclose the active site upon substrate binding. This is the case for the human ABO(H) blood group B glycosyltransferase GTB,...
Enterocytes, a major cell population of the intestinal epithelium, represent one possible barrier to the entry of prions after oral exposure. We established a cell culture system employing enterocytes from different species to study alimentary prion interaction with the 37-kDa/67-kDa laminin...
The X-ray crystal structure of recombinant PcISPS (isoprene synthase from gray poplar hybrid Populus × canescens ) has been determined at 2.7 Å resolution, and the structure of its complex with three Mg 2+ and the unreactive substrate analogue dimethylallyl- S -thiolodiphosphate has been...
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